Perinatal mortality in goats

 

The normal gestation period of the Saanan goat is 154 +- SE .8 days for a single kid and 147 for quads. There is a variation of about 3 days between herds. The proportion of does who give birth is about above 83%. Birthweight ranges from 1.7 to 5.8kg with the average being 3.8 kg for single-born kids and 2.4 kg for quintuplet-born kids.

 

Caprine

Caprine herpesvirus

Mariarosaria Marinaro, Anna Lucia Bellacicco, Elvira Tarsitano, Michele Camero, Valeriana Colao, Maria Tempesta, and Canio Buonavoglia (Detection of Caprine herpesvirus 1–specific antibodies in goat sera using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and serum neutralization test) J Vet Diagn Invest 2010 22: 245-248.
Abstract. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to detect immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies directed to whole Caprine herpesvirus 1 (CpHV-1). Sera from 248 goats were obtained from CpHV-1–free and CpHV-1–infected flocks and were subjected to both IgG ELISA and serum neutralization (SN) assays, with the latter considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of CpHV-1 infection. In flocks where CpHV-1 infection was detected, 57 sera were negative by the SN and the ELISA tests and 97 sera were positive with both tests. Thus, although based on biologically different principles, the ELISA was as sensitive as the SN assay in detecting seropositive animals and could be efficiently used as a faster and less expensive alternative to the SN test for the screening of many samples.

Caprine herpesvirus 1 (CpHV-1; order Herpesvirales, family Herpesviridae, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, genus Varicellovirus2) is spread worldwide where goat husbandry is practiced and induces generalized, often lethal, infection in 1–2-week-old kids characterized by gastroenteritic 1 lesions.8,15 In adults goats, however, the infection is mild or subclinical, with affected animals showing very slight signs of respiratory distress, vaginitis, balanoposthitis, or occasionally, abortion.4,9,16 Caprine herpesvirus 1 establishes latent infections, but, unlike other herpesviruses, its reactivation is extremely difficult to demonstrate under both natural and experimental conditions.1,10 In previous studies, CpHV-1 was experimentally reactivated in adult goats by administration of a high dose of dexamethasone (DMS) for several days.1,11 In the natural infection, CpHV-1 reactivates during estrus, but only in animals with low neutralizing antibody titers.

Mycoplasma arthritis

G. Filioussis, N. D. Giadinis, E. J. Petridou, E. Karavanis, K. Papageorgiou, H. Karatzias (2011) Congenital polyarthritis in goat kids attributed to Mycoplasma agalactiae. Vet Rec 2011 169: 364
Case report of several goat kids infected untra-uterines